Free, prior and informed consent
Free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) represents the highest standard possible for the involvement of Indigenous Peoples in decision-making processes about large projects. FPIC entitles indigenous peoples to determine the outcome of decision-making that affects them – it is not merely a right to be consulted about projects that others will ultimately make decisions about. FPIC offers the best guarantee that the negative impacts of large projects will be avoided, and that Indigenous Peoples’ economic, social and cultural rights will be protected. FPIC means that indigenous peoples must be informed about mining, logging, dams, palm oil and other large projects in a timely manner. They must be given the opportunity to approve (or reject) projects prior to the commencement of operations. This includes participation in setting the terms and conditions that address the economic, social and environmental impacts of all phases of the project. FPIC is recognised in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples [PDF].
Oxfam ResourcesFPIC guides online. FPIC trainer’s manuals online. FPIC training cards online.
Find out more:
- Learn about FPIC in Australia
- Learn about Australian mining company commitments’ to free, prior and informed consent.
- Learn more about oil, gas and mining company positions on community consent – community consent index 2015
- To learn more on the Forum Theatre Methodology, watch the Forum Theatre and Forum Theatre Games videos. Both were produced by Oxfam partner, EarthRights International.